tirsdag 13. april 2010

Angkor - templene i Kambodsjas jungel

 


























Gjemt inne i Kambodsjas jungel ligger 100 templer og tempelruiner spredd på et område på 200 kvadratkilometer. Det største av dem alle er Angkor Wat, ett enormt tempel dekket av relieffer.

Mellom det niende og det trettende århundre fikk kongene av Khmerriket bygd mange templer i Angkor-området utenfor den lille byen Siem Reap. Templene står der som et minne om at utarmede og krigsherjede Kambodsja en gang var hovedsete i Khmerriket som regjerte over det som i dag er Kambodsja, Thailand, Laos og Vietnam.

Hvis du er der på egen hånd, vil det mest fornuftige være å leie en guide med motorsykkel, området er enormt og det kan være vanskelig å finne fram på egen hånd. Du trenger minst to dager for å få sett de mest kjente templene i Angkor. Kjæresten min og jeg ble kjørt rundt på motorsykkel en hel dag.

Opprinnelig var templene ment å være hinduistiske, men da buddhismen kom til Kambodsja ble de buddhistiske. Det kan man se av de mange Buddha-relieffene på de forskjellige templene.



























Det mest kjente templet er Angkor Wat. Dette er kanskje den største religiøse bygningen som noen gang har blitt reist. Den enorme konstruksjonen er bygd i tre etasjer. Trappene er slitte og glatte og ligger utenpå bygningen, å bestige Angkor Wat er ikke noe for folk med høydeskrekk. Det sentrale templet har fem tårn, et i hvert hjørne og et på midten. Når man kommer i toppen av det midterste tårnet får man virkelig en forståelse for hvor stor denne bygningen er. Hele bygningen er dekket av relieffer av gudinner og guder, og i de mange forskjellige rommene kan man møte oransjekledde munker som tenner røkelse til ære for Buddha. Angkor Wat er det eneste templet som vender vestover og det er derfor finest å besøke på ettermiddagen.

















Ikke så langt unna Angkor Wat ligger Bayon som er kjent for sine enorme smilende ansikter. Du kan se steinansiktene i det fjerne når du kommer kjørende fra Angkor Wat. Nesten like imponerende er de 11000 figurene som er skjært ut i den 1200 meter lange muren som går rundt Bayon. Disse viser dagliglivet i Kambodsja på 1200 tallet. Bayon ligger i senteret av Angkor Thom, et svært tempelområde på 10 kvadratkilometer. Det er flere templer og terrasser å se i det store området blant annet Elefantterrassen.























Et stykke lengre inne i jungelen ligger Ta Prohm. Siden 1908 har eksperterer fra Frankrike og resten av den vestlige verden jobbet sammen med kambodsjanerene for å bygge opp igjen de mange templene i Angkor. Røtter og trær har blitt fjernet fra de overgrodde ruinene og templene har blitt satt opp igjen slik de en gang var. Ta Prohm har imidlertid blitt overlatt til jungelen og må oppleves. Røttene på et enormt tre omkranser en av inngangene og hele området er overgrodd av jungel samtidig som deler av templet er intakt.

Dette var bare noen av de mange templene som finnes i området. Bare disse er verdt mange besøk hver, og i tillegg har du de mange andre templene som også er verdt et besøk.

Hele Angkor-området står på Unescos Verdensarvliste.

Les også min blogg fra Pomh Penh fra samme turen.

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